When a child suffers an emergency, it can be difficult to know what to do. One of the most frightening things that could happen while out is witnessing a young person have an accident or suffer some kind of medical emergency. It’s easy to panic when this happens, but there are steps that you can follow which will help you if this should ever happen.

If you would like to further your first aid skills we also offer a range of first aid courses and paediatric first aid courses.


What is CPR

CPR, or cardiopulmonary resuscitation, is a lifesaving technique that can be used in an emergency situation to help someone who is not breathing. CPR helps to circulate oxygenated blood throughout the body, which can help to keep the person alive until paramedics arrive.

It’s important to note that the procedure for performing CPR on a child is different from performing CPR on an adult.


What to do

Step 1 – Primary Survey

  1. If you discover that the child is unresponsive and not breathing after performing a primary survey, ask a helper to call 999 or 112 for emergency assistance while you begin CPR. If one is accessible, request that a helper locate and bring one.
    • If you are on your own, give one minute of CPR before calling through a speakerphone.
    • Don’t leave the child to contact for help or locate a defibrillator on his or her own.

Step 2 – Begin CPR

  1. Place them on a flat surface and open their airway immediately. Place one hand on their forehead to tilt their head back and use two fingers of the other hand to carefully raise the chin this way.

Step 3 – Rescue Breaths

  1. Give five rescue breaths to begin.
  2. Remove the hand from the forehead and pinch the soft portion of the nose shut, allowing the mouth to fall open.
  3. Take a breath and seal your lips around the kid’s with your head tilted.
  4. Gently and steadily blow into their mouth for up to one second, until the chest rises.
  5. Remove your mouth and observe the chest drop.
  6. Repeat this five times.

Step 4 – Chest Compressions

  1. 30 chest compressions will be required after that.
  2. Kneel beside the child and place one hand on his or her chest.
  3. Push down about one-third of the depth of the chest.
  4. Allow the chest to return to its normal upright position.
  5. Repeat this process 30 times at a rate of 100 to 120 compressions per minute.

Step 5 – (30:2)

  1. After 30 compressions, open the airway and administer two breaths.
  2. Continue 30 compressions and two breaths (30:2) until;
    • emergency services arrive and take control
    • the child shows sign of recovery and their breathing returns to normal
    • an AED is ready to be used.
  3. It’s possible that doing rescue breaths may increase the risk of spreading the COVID-19 virus to both the rescuer and the child. This might be reduced by covering the child’s mouth with a face shield or pocket mask.
  4. It’s critical to perform rescue breaths in a child if their heart has stopped because a respiratory issue is most likely the cause.

Step 6 – Defibrillator (if available)

  1. If the helper returns with a defibrillator, request that they turn it on and follow the voice instructions while continuing to perform CPR to the child.

Step 5 – Recovery Position

  1. Put the child in the recovery position if he or she begins to respond, such as coughing, opening eyes, speaking, and breathing normally. If needed, watch for a response level and prepare to give CPR again.
    • If you’ve used a defibrillator, keep it attached.

If you or your employees need first aid qualifications, take a look at our range of first aid training courses. Alternatively, get in touch today to find out more.