Faulty wirings can harm people more than we realise.
Obtaining an electrical safety certificate is a worthy responsibility for the safety of everyone living in your house!
An EICR certificate costs around £125 to £300, varying per size of the home. But there’s more to it that you must consider before getting a certificate.
What Is an EICR Certificate?
EICR stands for Electrical Installation Condition Report. The certificate for it is proof that you’ve undergone the inspection report.
Some people generally call them electrical safety certificates.
To obtain the Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) certificate, a qualified electrician or an approved contractor will conduct electrical checks and inspections.
They’ll look for damages or defects in the electrical systems and suggest remedial for electrical fixtures if needed. All findings will be compiled in an electrical inspection report.
If the results qualify, you’ll then be issued an electrical safety certificate (EICR).
Below is an example of an EICR Certificate:
How Much Will an EICR Certificate Cost?
The average cost of an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) certificate is around £125 to £300, depending on the house size.
- 1 Bedroom Flat: £125
- 2 Bedroom Flat: £150
- 2 Bedroom House: £175
- 3 Bedroom House: £200
- 4 Bedroom House: £250
- 5 Bedroom House: £300+
Note that this is only the certificate cost of an Electrical Installation Condition Report, without accounting for the additional costs you’ll encounter.
If you’re a landlord renting rooms for others, you must conduct electrical safety checks regularly & every five (5) years or every tenant change. It’s a legal requirement.
You’ll be issued a landlord electrical safety certificate once completed. The range of costs is similar to the standard electrical safety certificate.
EICR Cost Per Circuit
You’ll likely hear the term “per circuit” more often if you apply for a commercial EICR.
Of course, the measurement and sizing of business properties will differ from those above and domestic properties.
Depending on your contractor, the cost of an EICR per circuit will be between £10 and £50. For reference, a small consumer unit costs around £15 to £20 per circuit.
EICR Report Price
The average costs above aren’t your only expenses. On top of your electrical safety certificate costs, you must also pay for other expenses such as:
- Qualified electrician labour costs
- Fixing electrical equipment defects
- Other electrical jobs
Qualified Electrician Labour Costs
Conducting an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) requires a competent electrician, so expect that cost of their labour will be higher.
The average cost of a registered electrician is £45 per hour and £200 per day. The labour will depend on the situation of your house.
If your consumer board, fuse board, and wiring are more complicated, it will take them longer to get the job done. This adds to their hourly and daily rate.
The number of electrical appliances and the size of the house or consumer unit will also affect the rate.
Lastly, if you have older properties, expect to encounter outdated wiring that will add to their labour hours and costs.
Fixing Electrical Equipment Defects
If they find electrical issues, you’re required to address them immediately.
You’ll likely pay for the materials and electrical fixtures. Additionally, you’ll also pay the electricians for doing the electrical work.
Other Electrical Jobs
Most will be encouraged to conduct different tests and inspections simultaneously for maximum electrical safety.
It’s best to read up on them, so you’ll be familiar with what each test entails when suggested.
Portable Appliance Testing (PAT Testing)
This test inspects the specific electrical devices in your home or consumer unit. The typical cost per appliance is £1 to £3 per device.
But if you hire an electrician or a competent person to conduct multiple electrical tests all at once, they’re likely to give you a package pricing.
We suggest discussing it with your trusted electricians for the best deals.
Replacing of Faulty Appliances
If they find problematic devices (i.e. the fuse box is prone to electric shocks), you’ll be required to replace them immediately.
Frequently, your qualified electrician will suggest the best solutions and next steps for these matters.
Rewiring is one of the more complicated electrical projects. It’s more work, takes longer, and costs a lot.
It often happens in older homes or rental properties with outdated wiring systems and can cost £1,500 to £8,000, depending on the situation and unit size.
Other Electrical Safety Certificates Tests
There are other electrical safety certificate options you can consider performing.
Part P Notifications Safety Certificate
Part P is a component of the Building Regulations. It’s to ensure that the electrical installation in a home is safe and affirmed by a professional electrician.
These are what Part P Notifications entail:
- Altering circuits
- Installing new circuits
- Replacing a consumer unit (fuse box or fuse board)
- Rewiring all circuits (full or partial)
- Electrical installations
Minor Electrical Works Installation Safety Certificate
If it’s the more “minor” fixtures such as light fittings and wall outlets, you can apply for a Minor Electrical Works Installation certificate that costs around £50 to £100.
Since they only deal with minor electrical installations, it takes fewer hours and lower rates. This safety certificate is valid for five (5) years.
Electrical Installation Certificate (EIC)
If we’re talking about significant installations, go for an Electrical Installation Certificate (EIC). Many estate agents can use this to speed up the sale of your home.
It’s similar to the Landlord Electrical Safety Certificate. It’s a legal requirement that landlords renew every five (5) years or when a new tenant moves into the rental property.
There are a few factors to consider when accounting for an electrical safety check. It won’t cost much if you pass the electrical tests; replacing and fixing are more costly.
On average, you’ll likely spend an average of £200-£500 for every inspection report, which only happens in a few years.
If you think about it, the cost of these electrical safety checks is worth paying for everyone’s security.
Steps to Conducting an Electricity Safety Check [What Electricians Check]
These are the general electrical safety checks when inspecting for an Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR).
Step 1: Checking the Grounding and Bonding of Electrical Systems
We won’t bombard you with technical terms. Simply put, they will check the connection of your electrical installations.
There’s a tendency for the grounding and bonding to loosen over the years. The attachment or connectivity must be grounded to avoid electric hazards.
Step 2: Checking of Fuse Board
Fuse boards are one of the main components in your overall electrical installations. It distributes the electrical flow throughout the house or rental property.
Any errors and short circuits in this electrical work will affect everything else.
Step 3: Checking the Minor Electrical Issues (Wall Outlets, Switches, Light Fittings)
Electricians will also check the “minor” electrical parts. These are the light switches, fittings, outlets, etc.
Since these are the ones accessible to the users, especially in residential properties, it’s best to ensure that there’s no electric shock or other hazards.
Step 4: Checking the Wiring
Faulty wiring is one of the most dangerous hazards, particularly in rental premises where tenants are unfamiliar with the electrical workings. A wrong move can electrocute them.
Although rewiring jobs can be additional costs, it’s vital for electrical compliance and overall electrical safety.
TAKE NOTE: All wirings must now have PVC insulation.
If you still have fabric, lead, or black rubber, we suggest replacing them for electrical safety.
Step 5: Checking the Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI)
The Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter (AFCI), as the name goes, interrupts any dangerous electrical arcs.
If there’s a problem in the circuit, the AFCI intercepts it to avoid serious concerns. They’re installed as a safety precaution, and electricians ensure they work properly.
Step 6: Checking the Extension Leads
Extension leads are long cabled wires for outdoor electrical equipment. When hiring an electrician, don’t hesitate to ask them about your extension cords.
It’s better to be safe, especially when discussing a longer extension wire.
Step 7: Checking for Damages
Checking for damages and defects is part of the electrical inspection. Other than approving your qualifications, they must ensure that you replace problematic devices.
This prevents future damages and avoids worsening minor defects as early as possible.
Step 8: Checking for Areas that Need Updating
Every electrical safety check will inform you if you have individual wires, appliances, or electrical components that need updating.
It could be switching to newer routers or replacing a machine. Let your electrician know if you need help. A verified professional can assist you properly.
Step 9: The Final Report of the Electrical Safety Certificate
Electricians will write a final report after the electrical safety check is done.
The results will determine if you qualify for an electrical safety certificate or what you need to do and improve to secure the document.
All results must be satisfactory to pass and obtain the electrical safety certificate.
Understanding the Contents of Your Electrical Safety Certificate
There are four (4) possible outcomes in your EICR report:
- Dangerous (C1): There is a risk of injury. Action is immediately required.
- Potentially Dangerous (C2): There’s a possible risk of injury. Action is urgently needed.
- Improvement Recommended (C3): It’s not dangerous; remedial is not needed, but improvements are recommended.
- Further Investigation Required (FI): Further investigation is needed without delay.
Only C3 is considered satisfactory and passes the electrical safety check. You can obtain your electrical safety certificate when you receive a C3 code.
C1, C2, and FI are failing remarks. Action is needed first before you can secure an electrical certificate for safety.
Why Do You Need an EICR Certificate?
You need to secure an electrical safety certificate for many good reasons.
Here are the benefits worth mentioning:
1. It Ensures Electrical Safety
Let it be clear that the electrical safety check procedures are also for your own sake. The government requires this in many cases to ensure that the place is safe to live in.
Electrocution kills people. To remain compliant is also to save lives and maintain security in your home.
For people who are not as knowledgeable about electrical work, it’s an investment to hire an electrician occasionally for checkups.
2. It’s a Legal Requirement for Landlords
It’s a legal requirement if you own a private rented sector or a Home in Multiple Occupation (a.k.a., if you’re a landlord).
You must conduct an electrical safety check every five (5) years or whenever a new tenant moves in. Otherwise, you can be fined up to £30,000.
It’s a fair rule, considering you’re responsible for keeping tenants safe inside your house.
3. It Spares You From Tenant Accidents
It also spares you from responsibility for accidents done by the tenants.
The electrical safety certificate is a valid document to show that you did your responsibilities as a landlord. Any tenant accidents won’t be held against you by the local authority.
On the same note, the lack of an electrical safety certificate can disqualify you from insurance in case of fire or accidents concerning electrical safety.
4. You Save Money in the Long-Run
A regular electrical safety check helps spot early signs of wear and tear. Avoiding these damages as early as possible will cut the cost of an electrical repair.
Looking at the bigger picture, the electrical safety certificate costs less if you account for all the expenses you’re spared!
5. It Speeds Up a House Sale
An electrical safety certificate is a big plus in selling your house or if you’re a real estate agent, especially for larger properties.
Although it’s not required, buyers place a high value on the home’s safety. Knowing that you’ve conducted an electrical safety check differentiates you from your competitors.
Who Can Issue an EICR Certificate?
Only electricians who hold the 2391 inspection and testing qualification can issue an EICR.
Unfortunately, you can’t go for a budget DIY solution when obtaining an electrical safety certificate. A qualified electrician is REQUIRED to conduct the inspections.
The Affordable Solution: Competent Person Scheme
A competent person scheme is when a professional electrician can do the work and self-certify.
They don’t need to approach a local council representative to issue an electrical certificate. However, note that these people should be registered and not self-proclaimed.
How to Find Trusted Electricians
It’s intimidating to look for electricians you can rely on. But don’t fret; there are plenty of competent and trustworthy ones.
It’s a good choice if you have peers or family members who know an electrician they vouch for. They already have the testimony of how they perform.
Choosing an electrician who’s part of official organisations, such as the Electrical Contractors Association (ECA) and the National Inspection Council for Electrical Installation Contracting (NICEIC), is safer.
Their membership says much about their expertise and connotes a sense of legitimacy.
What to Watch Out for in Securing an Electrical Safety Certificate
There aren’t many cons in securing an EICR certificate, except maybe for the overall cost. But there are some things to watch out for:
Sadly, some electricians don’t undergo the proper training before taking on jobs.
For your reference, fully qualified electricians undergo training for two to four years.
We’ve repeatedly emphasised the importance of electrical safety throughout this article. One wrong move can be fatal, so finding someone genuinely competent is crucial.
Electricians Who Overcharge
You may potentially meet electricians who will tell you that you need this and that, even though you don’t. They impose fees for every service and hour extension.
Some of them know that you’re not as knowledgeable about technicalities and can take advantage of them.
Although it can’t be avoided if you’re already in the situation, it helps to be extra intuitive in these cases and do your research!
How Do You Receive an EICR Certificate?
Obtaining an EICR certificate is pretty straightforward. Some firms and online agencies help you get EICR certificates fast. These are the general steps.
Step 1: Book Your EICR Test
The first step is to schedule an appointment for the test. Electricians and engineers will arrive at your place to inspect the requirements.
Refer to the above section, “Steps to Conducting an Electricity Safety Check”
Step 2: Comply with Suggestions
If you receive “unsatisfactory” remarks in the electrical installation condition reports, you must comply with the imposed changes.
Only when you pass the tests with satisfactory (C3) will you be issued the certificate.
Step 3: Recieve EICR Certificate
Once you pass all tests, you can now receive the certificate. It will include the next inspection date, so ensure that you comply and renew accordingly.
Checking the Situation: Self-Inspection [WARNING: BE CAREFUL]
We highly discourage doing electrical work alone, especially if you’re not a licensed electrician. These jobs are for professionals, and one wrong move can be fatal to you.
But if you’re slightly knowledgeable and would like to get a grasp of the electrical condition of the house, you can do these basic tests.
These are steps you can do with or without formal inspections.
1. Check Your Breakers
Breakers are one of the most crucial parts of your home where you can find the main switches that control different parts of your house.
But it gets ignored over time, making it a hotspot for rats or collecting dust and leaves. Clean the area occasionally, and look for signs of rodent activity and bites.
You can also try flipping the switches to see if everything’s working fine. You may not know that some connections are already faulty and call for repair.
2. Check the Outlets
No, we’re NOT telling you to open up these electrical outlets and fix the wirings yourself. Don’t do it unless you’re a professional.
What you can do is to check if the sockets are working. Try charging your phone in every outlet and see if it’s working.
Call an electrician if it’s not working or has become too loose.
3. Reevaluate Your Wiring Situation
A common problem we can all relate to is the chaotic wiring! There’s just too many to handle, leaving some wires dangerously exposed and unkempt.
Find ways to organise them and ensure you cover exposed wires with insulation.
Additionally, occasionally check if there are any rodent activities around your wires. Since attics and basements are dark, keeping track of these matters is challenging.
It’s dangerous to have rodent activity around your wires. They can ruin them, and you may lose electricity at the worst times if it goes unnoticed.
Exposed wires are risky if you have children and pets running around the house.
4. Reevaluate Your Electrical Appliances
Check your appliances if they’re working correctly or not. It also helps to reexamine if you’re using the correct voltage and wattage.
Another factor we often overlook is the positioning of the appliances. Keep them away from dangerous spots that may be hazardous in the long run.
5. Check Electrical Systems Outside
If you live in a house, don’t ignore the outdoor wirings and outlets.
Although you probably use it less frequently, ensure it’s free from any blockage or animal activities. It’s also safer to keep them weather-proof.
Frequently Asked Questions
Let’s address some of the most frequently asked questions in this section.
How Long Does an EICR Last?
The validity of an EICR certificate for rental properties is until five (5) years. As the landlord, you only need to formally conduct an inspection every five years.
While there are no legal requirements for domestic properties, obtaining an electrical installation certificate at least every ten (10) years is best.
If you’re willing to follow the five-year rule to be safe, that’s also great.
How Long Is an EICR Inspection?
It depends on the size of your home and the complexity of your electrical system.
If it’s a 1-bed house, it’s possible to finish within three to four hours. But it can take at least half a day for bigger rooms to complete the inspection.
Do I Need an EICR to Sell My House?
No, you do not need an EICR to sell your house. It’s not a requirement, legally speaking.
However, it’s a massive bonus if you have the EICR certificate as one of the property documents. Some buyers might prefer yours because of the sense of security it offers.
What’s the Difference Between an EPC and EICR?
EPC stands for Energy Performance Certificate, whereas EICR means Electrical Installation Condition Report.
As the name suggests, EPC covers the overall energy performance of a property. It’s NOT limited to electricity.
It’s a way to determine if the building is conserving or wasting energy. If it’s the latter, the EPC also entails tips on being more energy-efficient.
On the other hand, an EICR is specific to electrical installations. It checks the wirings and outlets to ensure that the residents are safe from faulty wirings.
Can Any Electrician Do an EICR?
No, only registered electricians are qualified to perform an EICR. Additionally, you cannot DIY your EICR, as it won’t qualify as a valid report.
What Is the Penalty for Not Having an EICR?
Landlords who fail to comply with EICR regulations will be fined up to £30,000. The local authorities can also stop you from renting space to tenants until the remedial work is done.
If accidents happen and you don’t have an EICR, insurance companies can REJECT your case, especially if the accidents are electrical related (i.e., fire due to an electrical problem).
- An Electrical Installation Condition Report (EICR) Certificate ensures that your house or property satisfactorily complies with electrical safety regulations.
- The certificate costs around £125 to £300, excluding the additional costs of electricians and repair work. Electricians can charge £45 an hour or £200 a day.
- Landlords are legally required to conduct an inspection every five (5) years, while domestic residences are encouraged to do so every ten (10) years.
- NEVER perform electrical works by yourself, especially if you’re not trained. Hire an electrician who’s qualified and registered since inspection reports are the only valid ones.
- You need an EICR certificate to continue business operations. But most importantly, it’s to ensure everyone’s safety.
Getting an EICR is not expensive, especially if you take into account the advantages of the inspection and certificate.
It’s vital to take electrical safety seriously and responsibly uphold the security of such matters.